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Religious Education at Schools in Europe

Part 1: Central Europe

VerlagVandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Erscheinungsjahr2015
Seitenanzahl310 Seiten
ISBN9783847005131
FormatPDF
KopierschutzWasserzeichen/DRM
GerätePC/MAC/eReader/Tablet
Preis39,99 EUR
The project 'Religious Education at Schools in Europe' (REL-EDU), which is divided up into six volumes (Central Europe, Western Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, South-Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe), aims to research the situation with regard to religious education in Europe. This volume outlines the organisational form of religious education in the countries of Central Europe (Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, the Principality of Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia and Switzerland). This is done on the basis of thirteen key issues, which allows specific points of comparison between different countries in Europe. Thereby the volume focuses the comparative approach and facilitates further research into specific aspects of the comparison.

Prof. Dr. Martin Jäggle lehrt Religionspädagogik und Katechetik an der Katholisch-Theologischen Fakultät der Universität Wien. Prof. Dr. Martin Rothgangel ist Vorstand des Instituts für Religionspädagogik an der Evangelisch-Theologischen Fakultät Wien. Prof. Dr. Thomas Schlag lehrt Praktische Theologie an der Theologischen Fakultät der Universität Zürich.

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Inhaltsverzeichnis
Title Page3
Copyright4
Table of Contents5
Body7
Preface: Religious Education at Schools in Europe7
1. The socio-religious background of the country10
2. Legal framework for religious education and the relationship between religious communities and the state10
3. Developments in the country's education policy10
4. Role of religiously sponsored schools, including any changes and developments, legal relationships10
5. Conceptions and tasks of religious education10
6. Practice / reality of religious education in different schools11
7. Observations on alternative subjects / learning areas like ethics, philosophy etc.11
8. Dealing with religious diversity11
9. Religion in school outside of religious education11
10. Training of teachers of religious education: institutes, structures, priorities issues12
11. Empirical Research concerning religious education12
12. Desiderata / challenges for religious education in a European context12
13. Further information (e.g., relevant literature on religious education, institutions, websites)12
References13
Friedrich Schweitzer: Comparing Religious Education in Schools in European Countries: Challenges for International Comparative Research15
1. What Is Comparative Research in Religious Education? – Initial Considerations17
2. Reasons and Expectations18
2.1 The need for integrated international research in religious education is clearly growing21
2.2 Research in religious education must include international comparisons in order to evaluate national models and to capture international developments21
2.3 International comparative research in religious education can challenge assumptions otherwise taken for granted22
2.4 Intercultural, ecumenical, and interreligious dialogue must include the ways in which different cultures, denominations, and religions practise religious education23
2.5 Political reasons make it desirable to develop shared international standards for religious education24
3. Obstacles for Comparative Research25
4. Existing Studies: A Preliminary Typology26
4.1 Country Reports and Country-By-Country Comparisons27
4.2 Problem-Centred Comparative Studies28
4.3 Integrated International Empirical Studies29
4.4 Comparative Historical Studies30
5. Suggestions for the Methodology of International, Interdenominational, and Interreligious Comparative Research in Religious Education30
References35
Martin Jäggle / Philipp Klutz: Religious Education at Schools in Austria39
Introduction39
1. The socio-religious background of the country40
1.1 General information40
1.2 Developments41
1.3 Religion among young people42
2. Legal framework for religious education and the relationship between religious communities and the state42
3. Developments in the country's education policy45
4. Role of religiously sponsored schools, including any changes and developments, legal relationships47
5. Conceptions and tasks of religious education48
6. Practice / reality of religious education in different schools50
7. Observations on alternative subjects / learning areas like ethics, philosophy etc.52
8. Dealing with religious diversity53
9. Religion in school outside of religious education55
10. Training of teachers of religious education: institutes, structures, priorities issues57
11. Empirical Research concerning religious education at schools59
(a) Studies on students', parents' and (RE) teachers' perspectives on RE59
(b) Evaluation of `Ethics'60
(c) Studies on classroom interaction, curricula and textbooks60
12. Desiderata / challenges for religious education in a European context61
Competences and educational standards61
Collective and cooperative RE61
Conceptualisations for a diaconal presence of religion.(s) at public schools61
School development and religion62
Training62
13. Further information (e.g., relevant literature on religious education, institutions, websites)62
13.1 Journals62
13.2 Further literature62
References65
Legal foundations (http://www.ris.bka.gv.at/)67
Curricula (http://www.ris.bka.gv.at/)67
Austrian Federal Chancellery (http://www.bka.gv.at/)67
Federal Ministry of Education and Women's Affairs (https://www.bmbf.gv.at/)67
Statistik Austria (http://www.statistik.at/)68
Ana Thea Filipovic: Religious Education at Schools in Croatia69
Introduction69
1. The socio-religious background of the country69
2. Legal framework for religious education and the relationship between religious communities and the state71
3. Developments in the country's education policy73
4. Role of religiously sponsored schools, including any changes and developments, legal relationships75
5. Conceptions and tasks of religious education76
6. Practice / reality of religious education in different schools77
7. Observations on alternative subjects / learning areas like ethics, philosophy etc.78
8. Dealing with religious diversity79
9. Religion in school outside of religious education79
10. Training of teachers of religious education: institutes, structures, priorities issues80
11. Empirical Research concerning religious education at schools81
12. Desiderata / challenges for religious education in a European context82
13. Further information (e.g., relevant literature on religious education, institutions, websites)83
13.1 Journals83
13.2 Encyclopaedia, documents, curricula83
13.3 Further literature84
13.4 Important websites85
References85
Ludmila Muchová: Religious Education at Schools in the Czech Republic89
Introduction89
1. The socio-religious background in the country89
2. Legal framework for religious education and the relationship between religious communities and the state92
3. Developments in the country's education policy93
4. Role of religiously sponsored schools, including any changes and developments, legal relationships95
5. Conceptions and tasks of religious education97
6. Practice / reality of religious education in different schools100
7. Observations on alternative subjects / learning areas like ethics, philosophy etc.104
8. Dealing with religious diversity105
9. Religion in school outside of religious education107
10. Training of teachers of religious education: institutes, structures, priorities issues108
11. Empirical Research concerning religious education111
12. Desiderata / challenges for religious education in a European context111
13. Further information (e.g., relevant literature on religious education, institutions, websites)112
On the issue of religiosity in the Czech Republic112
Chapters in monographs by Tomás Halík112
On RE in czech schools113
References113
Martin Rothgangel / Hans-Georg Ziebertz in cooperation with Philipp Klutz: Religious Education at Schools in Germany115
Introduction115
1. The socio-religious background of the country115
1.1 General information115
1.2 A comparison between the generations116
1.3 Religious orientation of young people118
2. Legal framework for religious education and the relationship between religious communities and the state119
3. Developments in the country's education policy121
4. Role of religiously sponsored schools, including any changes and developments, legal relationships122
5. Conceptions and tasks of religious education124
a) Church communiqués on Catholic RE124
b) Church communiqués on Protestant RE127
6. Practice / reality of religious education in different schools130
7. Observations on alternative subjects / learning areas such as ethics, philosophy etc.133
8. Dealing with religious diversity134
9. Religion in school outside of religious education135
10. Training of teachers of religious education: institutes, structures, priorities issues136
11. Empirical Research concerning religious education at schools138
(a) Studies on students' perspectives on RE138
(b) Studies on (RE) teachers' and parents' perspectives on RE138
(c) Studies on classroom interaction and didactics of RE140
(d) Studies with focus on religion in school outside of RE and in a wider context concerning RE142
12. Desiderata / challenges for religious education in a European context143
13. Further information (e.g., relevant literature on religious education, institutions, websites)144
References146
Mónika Solymár: Religious education at schools in Hungary149
Introduction149
1. The socio-religious background of the country149
1.1 Hungary Basic information and special features149
1.2 Demographic situation and developments150
1.3 Religiosity in Hungary: Christian denominations and trends151
2. Legal framework for religious education and the relationship between religious communities and the state153
2.1 The churches and other religious groups in Hungary after 1989153
2.2 RE in public schools154
2.3 Financing RE156
3. Developments in the country's education policy157
3.1 Statistics for the Hungarian education system157
3.2 Developments in, and perspectives on, education policy158
3.3 Education policy and the churches and religious groups: network of denominational schools160
4. Role of religiously sponsored schools, including any changes and developments, legal relationships161
4.1 Pluralization of the education system, patronage of denominational schools, unique features in each denomination161
4.2 A profile of the denominational schools163
4.3 Financing of denominational schools164
5. Conceptions and tasks of religious education165
6. Practice / reality of religious education in different schools166
6.1 RE in figures, types of RE, registrations, withdrawals166
6.2 Curricula and textbooks, RE in various types of schools, RE as a subject for final exams (Matura)168
6.3 Qualification requirements for teachers, church appointment, practical challenges170
7. Observations on alternative subjects / learning areas like ethics, philosophy etc.171
8. Dealing with religious diversity172
9. Religion in school outside of religious education174
10. Training of teachers of religious education: institutes, structures, priorities issues175
10.1 Universities and technical colleges under church patronage, locations for religion teacher training, state and church provisions175
10.2 Teacher training between the Bologna system and the undivided new model of teacher training, structure of religion teacher training, acquisition of skills and qualifications177
10.3 Further training, opportunities in professional life178
11. Empirical Research concerning religious education at schools179
12. Desiderata / challenges for religious education in a European context179
13. Further information (e.g., relevant literature on religious education, institutions, websites)181
References183
Cyprian Rogowski: Religious Education at Schools in Poland185
Introduction185
1. The socio-religious background of the country186
1.1 General information186
1.2 Developments187
1.3 Religious orientation of young people188
2. Legal framework for religious education and the relationship between religious communities and the state189
3. Developments in the country's education policy191
4. Role of religiously sponsored schools, including any changes and developments, legal relationships192
5. Conceptions and tasks of religious education197
6. Practice / reality of religious education in different schools198
7. Observations on alternative subjects / learning areas like ethics, philosophy etc.200
8. Dealing with religious diversity201
9. Religion in school outside of religious education202
10. Training of teachers of religious education: institutes, structures, priorities issues202
11. Empirical Research concerning religious education203
12. Desiderata / challenges for religious education in a European context205
13. Further information (e.g., relevant literature on religious education, institutions, websites)205
The following textbooks provide an initial insight into the discussion on religious education in Poland205
The following magazines provide further insights into the topic of religious education206
The following websites are worthy of note206
Institutions207
References207
Stefan Hirschlehner: Religious Education at Schools in the Principality of Liechtenstein209
Introduction209
1. Socio-religious background of the country209
1.1 General information209
1.2 Religious affiliation210
1.3 The Roman Catholic Church: From a deanship to an archdiocese210
1.4 Religiousness in the Principality of Liechtenstein211
1.5 Funding of religious communities212
2. Legal Frameworks of re and the relationship between religious communities and the state212
3. Developments in the country's education policy214
Recent key developments in the Education system214
4. Role of religiously sponsored schools, including any changes and developments, legal relationships214
5. Conceptions and tasks of religious education214
6. Practice / reality of religious education in different schools217
7. Observations on alternative subjects / learning areas like ethics, philosophy etc.218
8. Dealing with religious diversity218
9. Religion in schools outside of religious education218
10. Training of teachers of religious education: institutes, structures, priorities issues219
11. Empirical research concerning religious education219
12. Desiderate and challenges for religious education in a European context219
13. Further information (e.g., relevant literature on religious education, institutions, websites)220
Legal fundations220
Curricula220
Agreements220
Order of the government221
Information brochure221
Statistics221
References221
Tibor Reimer: Religious education at schools in Slovakia223
Introduction223
1. The socio-religious background of the country223
2. Legal framework for religious education and the relationship between religious communities and the state226
3. Developments in the country's education policy228
4. Role of religiously sponsored schools, including any changes and developments, legal relationships231
5. Conceptions and tasks of religious education233
6. Practice / reality of religious education in different schools235
7. Observations on alternative subjects / learning areas like ethics, philosophy etc.237
8. Dealing with religious diversity239
9. Religion in school outside of religious education240
10. Training of teachers of religious education: institutes, structures, priorities issues242
11. Empirical Research concerning religious education244
12. Desiderata / challenges for religious education in a European context245
13. Further information (e.g., relevant literature on religious education, institutions, websites)247
13.1 Important institutions in the area of religious education and RE247
13.2 Relevant literature on religious education248
References248
Stanko Gerjolj / Andrej Saje: Religious Education at Schools in Slovenia249
Introduction249
1. The socio-religious background of the country249
2. Legal framework for religious education and the relationship between religious communities and the state251
3. Developments in the country's education policy252
4. Role of religiously sponsored schools, including any changes and developments, legal relationships253
5. Conceptions and tasks of religious education254
6. Practice / reality of religious education in different schools257
7. Observations on alternative subjects / learning areas like ethics, philosophy etc.259
8. Dealing with religious diversity260
9. Religion in school outside of religious education261
10. Training of teachers of religious education: institutes, structures, priorities issues262
11. Empirical Research concerning religious education263
12. Desiderata / challenges for religious education in a European context263
13. Further information (e.g., relevant literature on religious education, institutions, websites)264
References264
Thomas Schlag: Religious Education at Schools in Switzerland269
Introduction269
1. The socio-religious background of the country269
1.1 General information270
1.2 A comparison between the generations272
1.3 Religious orientation of young people273
2. Legal framework for religious education and the relationship between religious communities and the state275
3. Developments in the country's education policy279
3.1 The responsibility of the state schools without any shared responsibility from the religious communities recognised under public law: the examples of Aargau, Berne and Zurich280
3.1.1 Aargau280
3.1.2 Berne280
3.1.3 Zurich281
3.2 The shared responsibility of the religious communities recognised under public law: the examples of Upper Valais and Grisons282
3.2.1 Upper Valais282
3.2.2 Grisons283
3.3 The responsibility of the religious communities recognised under public law in cooperation with the state: the example of St. Gallen283
3.4 No state RE: the example of Geneva284
3.5 Current and future developments284
4. Role of religiously sponsored schools, including any changes and developments, legal relationships286
5. Conceptions and tasks of religious education288
6. Practice / reality of religious education in different schools290
7. Observations on alternative subjects / learning areas like ethics, philosophy etc.293
8. Dealing with religious diversity294
9. Religion in school outside of religious education296
10. Training of teachers of religious education: institutes, structures, priorities issues298
11. Empirical Research concerning religious education at schools299
12. Desiderata / challenges for religious education in a European context300
13. Further information (e.g., relevant literature on religious education, institutions, websites)302
References302
Contributors309

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