Hallesche Beiträge zur Europäischen AufklärungISSN 36
In the 18th century, the science of man opened up the conceptual framework for re-interpreting the origins and development of the human species itself. It was the ever more popular reports of 'savages' which had led to a questioning of the biblical account of Creation. Borrowing from scientific methods, the Scottish Enlightenment developed a model of hypothesis-led empirical research into humankind. German popular philosophy in particular carried this conception forward in a variety of ways, but their ability to establish connections and their creativity fell into oblivion as a result of the specialisation and disciplining of the field at the beginning of the 19th century.